Geography - Cinnamon Brow CE Primary School Geography - Cinnamon Brow CE Primary School

Long Term Geography Overview

Year 1/2 Year 3/4 Year 5 Year 6


BIG QUESTION: Do we always appreciate what we have?

Geography Link – Conservation

  • Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.
  •  identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
  •  use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:   key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea,
    ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

(Geography National Curriculum)


BIG QUESTION:How can small actions change the word?

  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.
  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

(Geography National Curriculum)


BIG QUESTION – What is the difference between surviving and living?

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities.
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

(Geography National Curriculum)


GEOGRAPHY –  Does  adversity always make you stronger?   

Geography link – Natural Disasters

  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)
  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers,
    mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.

(Geography National Curriculum)

Geography Skills  Progression
Year1 Year2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6

Select information from resources to identify questions and to respond to questions about places.


Recognise, describe and observe the human and physical features of a place and making simple comparisons.


Ask and respond to questions about places and the environment making comparisons.


Offer explanations for the location of human and physical features in different localities.


Using their geographical knowledge and understanding to carry out an investigation.


Recognise and describe physical and human processes.


Identify and explain different views, coming to a conclusion.

Mapskills Name and locate the worlds continents and oceans Locate some countries in the world , including

capital cities

Us e maps and atlases to locate countries and

identify key physical/ human features

Name and locate the four countries which make up the UK  

Identify the countries of the UK, identify cities and geographical regions.


Use a compass, and maps with a four figure grid references.

Use simple compass directions and locational language


Use aerial photographs and plans to recognise places and landmarks


Identify on a globe the position and significance of the equator, northern and southern hemispheres, tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and the Arctic and Antarctic circles.


Use OS maps to interpret a place looking at contour lines and symbols.


Compare aerial photographs to large scale maps.

Make a simple map using a key with basic symbols Identify features of a place using aerial photographs
Make and use more detailed maps that use symbols and a key.
Fieldwork  Skills  

Observation of a location- discussing likes and dislikes.


Questionnaire e.g. what do you like best about our playground


Survey e.g. record the use of buildings on a road, traffic or litter survey


Sketches – drawing simple features they observe and adding labels


Recording information through observation, more detailed sketches, questionnaires and surveys to collect information and investigate a place.


Measure and record data e.g. weather in different parts of the school


Identify questions and selects appropriate ways to gather information and data though detailed sketches, observation, questionnaires, surveys, measuring data.


Record information using a range of methods and interpret results to look for patterns.


Express their views on attractive and unattractive features of the environment of a locality


Describe how people can both improve and damage the environment


Describe how a range of physical and human processes change the environment


Offer explanations for the ways in which human activities affect the environment and recognise that people attempt to manage improve environments

Class Work

Class 3EM. Geography Project.

How can small actions eventually change the world? Class 3 EM worked hard over their EASTER holiday to prepare an artistic representation to show show how we are having an impact on the local environment. You are more than welcome to join the class and they will explain in detail what they have learnt in Geography.

Useful Links