National Curriculum Assessments – Information and Guidance on the Changes and Expectations for 2016/17 – Cinnamon Brow CE Primary School My title National Curriculum Assessments – Information and Guidance on the Changes and Expectations for 2016/17 – Cinnamon Brow CE Primary School

National Curriculum Assessments

Information and Guidance on the Changes and Expectations for 2016/17


  • In 2014/15 a new national curriculum framework was introduced by the Government for Years 1, 3, 4 and 5
  • However, Years 2 and 6 (due to statutory testing) continued to study the previous curriculum for one further year.
  • Since 2015/16 children in all years at Key Stage 1 and 2 are expected to now study the new national curriculum.
  • KS1 (Year 2) and KS2 SATs (Year 6) will reflect the new curriculum for the first time this year.
  • If your child is in Year 6 this year, they will be the second set of pupils to receive the new tests and the first to receive the new style of reporting results.

Assessment and Reporting


  • ‘Old’ national curriculum levels (e.g. Level 3, 4, 5) have now been abolished, as set out in the government guidelines.
  • From 2016, test scores have been reported as ‘scaled scores’.
  • This means it is very difficult to compare the assessment of a previous year with the current year.
  • Your child will still be taught with the highest expectations and cover all required elements of the curriculum, similar to previous years.
  • The new curriculum is more rigorous and sets high expectations which all schools have had to work hard to meet since the beginning of last year.

Scaled Scores


What is meant by ‘scaled scores’?

  • It is planned that 100 will always represent the ‘national standard’.
  • Each pupil’s raw test score will therefore be converted into a score on the scale, either at, above or below 100.
  • The scale will have a lower end point somewhere below 100 and an upper end point above 100
  • A child who achieves the ‘national standard’ (a score of 100) will be judged to have demonstrated sufficient knowledge in the areas assessed by the tests.
  • In July 2017, each pupil will receive;

*A raw score (Number of raw marks awarded)

*A scaled score in each tested subject

*Confirmation of whether or not they attained the national standard.

Scaled Score Examples


On publication of the test results in July 2017:

  • A child awarded a scaled score of 100 is judged to have met the ‘national standard’ in the area judged by the test.
  • A child awarded a scaled score of more than 100 is judged to have exceeded the national standard and demonstrated a higher than expected knowledge of the curriculum for their age.
  • A child awarded a scaled score of less than 100 is judged to have not yet met the national standard and performed below expectation for their age.
  • Marking guidance for KS1 tests will include conversion tables. Teachers will use these to translate pupil’s raw scores into scaled scores to see whether each pupil has met the national standard. Teachers will use the scaled scores to inform their teacher assessment judgements.


Key Stage 1 National Curriculum Assessments

The Tests

At the end of Year 2, children will take assessments in:

  • Reading;
  • Maths.
  • English grammar, punctuation and spelling; – this is not a government requirement this year!

The tests are due to take place in May each year.

Unlike the KS2 SATS there are no strict dates for the tests to take place, however a timetable will be sent to the Local authority for approval and this will be shared with you as soon as possible.



The Reading Test consists of two separate papers:

  • Paper 1 (Lower demand) – Contains a selection of texts totalling between 400 and 700 words with questions about the text.
  • Paper 2 (Higher demand) – Contains a reading booklet of a selection of passages totalling 800 to 1100 words. Children will write their answers to questions about the passage in a separate booklet.
  • Each paper is worth 50% of the marks and should take approximately 30 minutes to complete, although the children are not being assessed at working at speed so will not be strictly timed.
  • The texts will cover a range of poetry, fiction and non-fiction.
  • Questions are designed to assess the comprehension and understanding of a child’s reading.
  • Some questions are multiple choice or selected response, others require short answers and some require an extended response or explanation. Every pupil should have the opportunity to attempt both papers. Teachers may stop a pupil at any stage of the test that they feel is appropriate.

Questions are designed to assess the comprehension and understanding of a child’s reading.

There are a variety of question types:

Multiple Choice






Short-Answer Questions


Find and Copy Questions


Open-Ended Questions


Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar

This year, the Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar test will be optional for all Year 2 classes. Your child’s school may still administer the assessment in order to inform their teacher-assessed writing judgements.

The test consists of two separate papers:

  • Paper 1: Spelling – pupils to spell 20 missing words within a test booklet. The test is expected to take approximately 15 minutes to complete, but is not strictly timed. expected to take approximately 15 minutes to complete, but is not strictly timed.
  • Paper 2: Grammar, Punctuation and Vocabulary – a combined question and answer booklet focusing on pupils’ knowledge of grammar, punctuation and vocabulary. Pupils will have approximately 20 minutes to complete the questions in the test paper, but it is not strictly timed.

Sample Questions




Spelling Paper – Sample Questions


Within the assessment, the spelling words are read out to the children to fill into the gaps within the sentences. In this example, the missing spelling words are: pack, sky, shell and baby.


Children will sit two tests: Paper 1 and Paper 2:

  • Paper 1: Arithmetic – lasts approximately 20 minutes (but this is not strictly timed). It covers calculation methods for all operations and is worth 25 marks. .
  • Paper 2: Reasoning – lasts for approximately 35 minutes, which includes time for five aural questions and is worth 35 marks. Pupils will still require calculation skills and questions will be varied including multiple choice, matching, true/false, completing a chart or table or drawing a shape. Some questions will also require children to show or explain their working out.

Maths Paper 1: Arithmetic – Sample Questions 


Maths Paper 2: Reasoning – Sample Question 







Key Stage 2 National Curriculum Assessments

Higher Attaining Pupils

  • Previous Key Stage 2 tests were aimed at children achieving Levels 3-5 (with a national expectation to reach at least Level 4)
  • In the past, additional Level 6 tests were produced for children who demonstrated higher than expected attainment, above Level 5.
  • From this year, there won’t be any separate tests for the most able children.
  • Instead, each test will have scope for higher attaining pupils to show their strengths.

The Tests

Key Stage 2 SATs take place nationally in the week commencing 8th May 2017

Statutory tests will be administered in the following subjects:

  • Reading (60 minutes)
  • Spelling (approximately 15 minutes)
  • Punctuation, Vocabulary and Grammar (45 minutes)
  • Mathematics

– Paper 1: Arithmetic (30 minutes)

– Paper 2: Reasoning (40 minutes)

– Paper 3: Reasoning (40 minutes)

  • There are no tests to be administered in science this year.
  • All tests are externally marked.
  • Writing will be ‘Teacher Assessed’ internally, as in recent years.


  • The reading test consists of a single test paper with three unrelated reading texts. Children are given 60 minutes in total, which includes reading the texts and answering the questions.
  • A total of 50 marks are available.
  • Questions are designed to assess the comprehension and understanding of a child’s reading.
  • During the reading paper, a child’s inference and deduction skills are thoroughly tested. They will also be expected to answer questions on authorial choices: explaining why an author has chosen to use particular vocabulary, grammar and text features.
  • Some questions are multiple choice or selected response; others require short answers and some require an extended response or explanation.

Reading Paper – Sample Questions 




Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar

  • A spelling test is administered containing 20 words, which lasts approximately 15 minutes.
  • A separate test is given on grammar, punctuation and vocabulary.
  • This test lasts for 45 minutes and requires short answer questions including some multiple choice.
  • Marks for these two tests are added together to give a total for grammar, punctuation and spelling.

Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Paper 1 – Sample Questions





  • The mathematics tests have undergone the biggest change in recent years.
  • Children will sit three tests: paper 1, paper 2 and paper 3.
  • Paper 1 is for arithmetic lasting for 30 minutes, covering calculation methods for all operations, including use of fractions, percentages and decimals.
  • Questions gradually increase in difficulty. Not all children will be expected to access some of the more difficult questions later in the paper.
  • Papers 2 and 3 cover problem solving and reasoning, each lasting for 40 minutes.
  • Pupils will still require calculation skills but will need to answer questions in context and decide what is required to find a solution.

Maths Paper 1: Arithmetic – Sample Questions 



Maths Paper 2 / Paper 3 : Reasoning – Sample Questions 




How to Help Your Child

First and foremost, support and reassure your child that there is nothing to worry about and that they should always just try their best. Praise and encourage!

  • Ensure your child has the best possible attendance at school.
  • Support your child with any homework tasks.
  • Reading, spelling and arithmetic (e.g. times tables) are always good to practise.
  • Talk to your child about what they have learnt at school and what book(s) they are reading (the character, the plot, their opinion).
  • Make sure your child has a good sleep and healthy breakfast every morning!

How to Help Your Child with Reading

Listening to your child read can take many forms:

  • First and foremost, focus developing an enjoyment and love of reading.
  • Enjoy stories together – reading stories to your child is equally as important as listening to your child read.
  • Read a little at a time but often, rather than rarely but for long periods of time!
  • Talk about the story before, during and afterwards – discuss the plot, the characters, their feelings and actions, how it makes you feel, predict what will happen and encourage your child to have their own opinions.
  • Look up definitions of words together – you could use a dictionary, the Internet or an app on a phone or tablet.
  • All reading is valuable – it doesn’t have to be just stories. Reading can involve anything from fiction and non-fiction, poetry, newspapers, magazines, football programmes, TV guides.
  • Visit the local library – it’s free!

How to Help Your Child with Writing

  • Practise and learn weekly spelling lists – make it fun!
  • Encourage opportunities for writing such as letters to family or friends, shopping lists, notes or reminders, stories and poems.
  • Write together – be a good role model for writing.
  • Encourage use of a dictionary to check spelling and a thesaurus to find synonyms and expand vocabulary.
  • Allow your child to use a computer for word processing, which will allow for editing and correcting of errors without lots of crossing out.
  • Remember that good readers become good writers! Identify good writing features when reading (e.g. vocabulary, sentence structure and punctuation).
  • Show your appreciation: praise and encourage, even for small successes

How to Help Your Child with Maths

  • Play times tables games.
  • Play mental maths games including counting in different amounts, forwards and backwards.
  • Encourage opportunities for telling the time.
  • Encourage opportunities for counting coins and money e.g. finding amounts or calculating change when shopping.
  • Look for numbers on street signs, car registrations and anywhere else.
  • Look for examples of 2D and 3D shapes around the home.
  • Identify, weigh or measure quantities and amounts in the kitchen or in recipes.
  • Play games involving numbers or logic, such as dominoes, card games, draughts or chess.
  • Maths Whizz or Purple Mash online activities
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